7 Quick Tips to Organize Thousands of Computer Files at Home


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While carrying on with your busy everyday life, it’s easy to forget about the endless amount of digital files stored on your computer. Thinking about how to organize thousands of your computer files on your personal computer probably doesn’t top your priority list. After all, there’s no immediate need for these files, right? 

Jump ahead to these sections:

Not necessarily. In the event of your death, your family members will need to organize the files and photos you’ve collected. A quick Swedish death cleaning of your digital files has many benefits. 

Organized digital photos and documents have a positive impact on your productivity and can potentially save your relatives precious time when sorting through your digital afterlife for archival purposes. 

If you need help learning how to stay organized, follow these quick tips to make your life, and your relatives’ lives, easier. 

Post-planning tip: If you are the executor for a deceased loved one, handling the details of their unfinished business such as organizing photos can be overwhelming without a way to structure your process. We have a post-loss checklist that will help you ensure that your loved one's family, estate, and other affairs are taken care of.

Why Organize Your Computer Files?

What's the importance of organizing your computer files in the first place? Whether you're just starting to organize key documents, or you're hoping to optimize your life, this is a must-do for anyone in the digital age. 

Here's why you should organize your computer files:

  • Security: If you're unorganized, you're more likely to be a target for hackers and those trying to use your identity. You want to know where your key files are and how to store them safely. 
  • Sharing: Often, we need to share our key documents, papers, bills, etc. with others in our life. This is especially true with work or school documents. Sharing is significantly easier if you organize your files. 
  • Backups and digital cleansing: When you take the time to go through your computer files, you can easily see what needs to be backed up, deleted, shared, and so on. This should improve your computer's performance, and it makes your device easier to use.
  • Digital legacy: Last but not least, your computer is part of your digital legacy. When you die, you want it to be as easy as possible to share your digital assets with loved ones. Organizing your documents, photos, and so on is key to this. 

Life is becoming more and more digital. In addition, death is becoming digital. Virtual funerals with GatheringUs are the new normal, and people are memorializing their loved ones with photos and accounts online. Organizing your computer files is the first step. 

ยป MORE: Keep a loved one's memory alive by creating a diamond from their ashes.


Tips for Organizing Personal Documents, Papers, and Bills

If the first thing you see when you turn on your computer is a crowded screen full of documents placed haphazardly with no rhyme or reason, use this guide to organize your digital files.

1. Identify main categories

Almost every aspect of our lives these days is digital and nearly every important document we own can be stored in a digital form including e-receipts, contracts, work presentations, and insurance documents, among others.

Given the diversity of documents in your computer, the first step is to take a quick scan of the types of documents you have and sort them into categories. Organizing your computer files doesn't have to be complex. The rule of thumb is to go from general to more specific. For instance:

  • Pictures → Travel → Abroad → Europe → France
  • Insurance Policies → Life Insurance → 2020 Revision
  • Financials → Investments → Merryl Lynch
  • Personal Projects → Gazebo → Materials Cost

Each main category will be your primary folder. Once you have identified the main categories, create sub-folders for each and place your documents where they are the most relevant. In addition, don’t forget to sort out your desktop as well. 

Desktops tend to be crowded with apps and miscellaneous files. Make sure to only keep essential apps and files for easy access.

When in the process of arranging your digital files, delete redundant documents to empty space on your computer. Uninstall applications that you no longer use to help your computer run faster and clear out the clutter.

2. Rename your documents

It is typical to have unclear names for documents. Particularly, you’ll find vague naming conventions after importing or downloading files. You’ve probably stumbled upon file names such as “20200405.pdf,” “contract_fb.pdf,” or "Screenshot_1000.png."

As is, these names are unclear and don’t tell you what the file is. To help you and your relatives find important documents or pictures, rename any that currently have cryptic naming conventions. Keep the names clear and consistent. If using dates in your file naming, be sure to keep all dates written the same way.

Assign intuitive names that will make recognizing your documents easy. Remember that you don’t need to rename every single file on your computer. Simply start with those that have ambiguous or unclear names.

3. Create shortcuts

Having to open three or four folders to access a single document can get frustrating and confusing. For files and documents that you know your relatives will need to access, create shortcuts on your desktop.

Shortcuts give you and your relatives direct access to the documents or folders that you need to access frequently from any location on your computer. Shortcuts are usually set up on the desktop, but you can locate them anywhere.

Creating shortcuts on your Mac

  • First, select the file or folder you want to create a shortcut for and right-click on it. From here, a menu will pop up.
  • Select “Make Alias.” A new file with a small, black arrow in the left corner will pop up. This file is the Alias.
  • Select and drag the Alias to your desktop or to any location you prefer.

Thanks to this alias, you can directly access any nested document or folder from anywhere on your computer. Make sure to create shortcuts only when necessary so you don’t overdo it.

Note: Don’t drag and drop a file. Doing this will move the location of your original file instead of creating an alias. Make sure to create an alias and avoid any messy confusion. 

Creating shortcuts in Windows

To create shortcuts in Windows 10, you have two main options:

  • Select your file and right-click on it.
  • In the menu that pops up select “Create shortcut.” This will create a shortcut on your desktop.


  • Go to your desktop and right-click on an empty area.
  • In the menu that pops up, select “Shortcut,” and the Shortcut Wizard will open.
  • Click the “Browse” option and find the file that you want to have direct access to.
  • You will be given the option to name your shortcut. Leave or change the shortcut name as you prefer.
  • Click “Finish.”

Whether you use a Mac or Windows computer, you can easily set up shortcuts so you or your relatives can access any file quickly.

Tips for Organizing Digital Photos on Your Computer

Organizing photos is a fun part of uncluttering your digital files. During the process, you can go through and relive all the happy adventures and life events that bring back joyful memories. 

Protecting and organizing these kinds of photos is important. You don’t want to lose your photos if your computer stops working or you spill coffee on it by accident. To protect your digital photos and create a system that is easy to access, you must first choose the appropriate storage system.  

1. Choose an appropriate storage system 

An appropriate storage system will support large quantities of photos and serve as a digital backup as well. You may choose to utilize more than one of the following options to reduce the risk of losing files.

An external hard drive

The main benefit of an external hard drive is its massive storage capacity. In addition to organizing files and folders neatly, an external hard drive functions as a backup to your computer. Most external hard drives today are pocket-sized and affordable. Depending on the number of files that you want to store, you may want an option as large as a 4 Terabyte (TB) external hard drive.   

Not only can you backup your valuable files to your external hard drive, but given its compact size, you may carry it with you when you need to and upload on the go. An external drive allows you to keep all of your photos uploaded and stored for quick access in one location.

The cloud

Cloud services are a great option to store and organize your photos. The main providers of cloud storage services are Google, Dropbox, and iCloud. If you have an email account, you might already be using one of these. By turning on automatic upload from your phone or computer, it makes the process of storing your files in the cloud quick and easy.

All three popular storage providers offer free storage limits for each account you set up with them:

There are many benefits to utilizing cloud storage. For instance, you and anyone with the appropriate login information can access your files from any device, anywhere, as long as the internet is accessible. 

Some people backup their files on both external hard drives and a cloud service. Given the current threats in cybersecurity, having both systems assures your photos and documents are safe.

2. Assign relevant names

When we upload pictures from our phone onto the computer, they often transfer with naming conventions that don’t make any sense. Files names such as “DSC_009.jpg”  or “IMG002” won’t help your son find your wedding pictures or your daughter find her prom photos.

To help your relatives avoid having to go through all your pictures to find the one or two that they need, name files appropriately for ease of access. 

For fast organization, name your photos and place them in appropriate folders as you take them and upload them from your phone.

Then, spend time each week to go through old files and rename those without clear file names. You may want to name according to date, event, or the name of the person or place in the picture. 

When you have more time available, you may also add tags to your photos. These tags will make finding specific people or places in a group of photos much easier. 

Tips for Organizing Files for Work or School

A survey conducted by the International Data Corporation (IDC) found that office workers waste approximately two hours each week trying to locate digital documents!

Although it might not be noticeable, the time we spend looking for digital files adds up and can reach significant numbers of overtime. Taking the time to organize your digital files for work or school has a serious potential to boost your productivity. 

During school or university, we tend to accumulate myriads of documents from homework and class presentations to projects, educational videos, recommendations, and research.

To stay on top of your school material and work, you need to sort out your digital files. This could save you precious time and help you locate key information much faster. Here are a few steps to follow.

1. Create separate folders for school and work 

If you utilize the same personal computer for work or school, it’s important to create a separate folder to keep documents organized. 

As mentioned before, the general rule is to organize documents from general to specific. You can use something like the following arrangement for school or university.

  • College Year 1
    • Introduction to Macroeconomy
      • Class materials
      • Homework
      • Group projects
      • Exams
    • First Semester

Similarly, identify the main categories of your work documents and arrange them accordingly. A business folder might look something like this:

  • Digital Consultancy 
    • Digital Marketing Campaign
      • Facebook Data
      • Google Algorithms
      • Blogs
      • Inbound Leads
    • Client #12

2. Utilize a note-taking app 

Take advantage of digital note-taking tools. Instead of writing your notes in a brand new Word document and trying to organize each new document, utilize a note-taking app like Evernote.

Note-taking applications have a default structure that keeps your files sorted and organized. Also, since your files are on the cloud, you have access to your notes from any device anywhere, as long as you have an internet connection and the application installed.

With note-taking apps, you can forget about issues with losing your notes, leaving your notebook at home, or misplacing a file or folder.

In addition, once the semester or a project is over and you no longer require your notebooks, you can archive them in your cloud storage.

Note-taking applications provide a convenient option to keep all your notes organized and easy to access.

Organize Your Digital Files Now and Save Yourself Later

The benefits of organizing your digital files can be rewarding. Not only will you have your documents and photos on hand anytime you need them, but your relatives will thank you for it later.

Everyone has their own style when it comes to taxonomy and thinking about how to organize your computer files can be time-consuming. Simply begin by utilizing the quick tips above and find your own, personal style as you go. 


  1. Sander, Libby.  “The Case for Finally Cleaning Your Desk.” Stress, Harvard Business Review, March 29, 2019. hbr.org/2019/03/the-case-for-finally-cleaning-your-desk
  2. Villas-Boas, Antonio and McAlone, Nathan. “19 Ways to Make Your Mac Run Faster. Business Insider, Business Insider, August 25, 2017. businessinsider.com/how-to-make-your-mac-run-faster-2016-12

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